cgroups and kubernetes cloud providers

cgroups and kubernetes cloud providers.

cgroups and kubernetes cloud providers

Why my ClickHouse is slow after upgrade to version 22.2 and higher?

The probable reason is that ClickHouse 22.2 started to respect cgroups (Respect cgroups limits in max_threads autodetection. #33342 (JaySon).

You can observe that max_threads = 1

SELECT
    name,
    value
FROM system.settings
WHERE name = 'max_threads'

┌─name────────┬─value─────┐
 max_threads  'auto(1)' 
└─────────────┴───────────┘

This makes ClickHouse to execute all queries with a single thread (normal behavior is half of available CPU cores, cores = 64, then ‘auto(32)’).

We observe this cgroups behavior with AWS EKS (Kubernetes) environment and Altinity ClickHouse Operator in case if requests.cpu and limits.cpu are not set for a resource.

Workaround

We suggest to set requests.cpu = half of available CPU cores, and limits.cpu = CPU cores.

For example in case of 16 CPU cores:

          resources:
            requests:
              memory: ...
              cpu: 8
            limits:
              memory: ....
              cpu: 16

Then you should get a new result:

SELECT
    name,
    value
FROM system.settings
WHERE name = 'max_threads'

┌─name────────┬─value─────┐
 max_threads  'auto(8)' 
└─────────────┴───────────┘

in depth

For some reason AWS EKS sets cgroup kernel parameters in case of empty requests.cpu & limits.cpu into these:

# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.cfs_quota_us
-1

# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.cfs_period_us
100000

# cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.shares
2

This makes ClickHouse to set max_threads = 1 because of

cgroup_share = /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.shares (2)
PER_CPU_SHARES = 1024
share_count = ceil( cgroup_share / PER_CPU_SHARES ) ---> ceil(2 / 1024) ---> 1

Fix

Incorrect calculation was fixed in https://github.com/ClickHouse/ClickHouse/pull/35815 and will work correctly on newer releases.

Last modified 2022.04.01 : Update cgroups_k8s.md (ed17bc697)